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Το άροτρο ή αλέτρι

The plough

The plough is the most important agricultural tool used by man to plough the land . Its main function is digging and mixing  the soil to prepare it for  the next stages of cultivation. Man guided a pair of animals that pulled  the plough and dug the soil to vent and accept the seeds.  The first ploughs were used in Egypt and in Messopotamia approximately 4000 BC.  where  there were wheat and barley plantations. According to Greek mythology the construction and dissemination attributed to Triptolemus, who came from Eleusis, with the guidance of the goddess Demeter.

It was originally made of wood , usually olive tree, fir tree , plane tree, fig tree, laurel, kermes and stone. Hesiod describes it as a simple tool with a forked arm that ended in a sharp object , the ploughshare. After 1500 BC.  where the use of iron begins, we find the iron plough, which replaced the wooden one. The use was decisive  in the development of soil culture as it was more durable than the wooden ones and were used to plough both larger areas  and difficult soils . It consists of the following parts: the "aletropoda" the base of the plough that supports it on the ground, the blade that  cuts the soil vertically, the ploughshare that cuts the soil horizontally to create grooves ,the wings that  lift the soil off the  ground, the pillar that forms an axis for the  number of remaining components , and the handle, a component adapted to the  "aletropoda" that helps  the farmer to steer the plough.